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Safety, quality and efficiency play essential roles in the food & beverage industry. Endress+Hauser helps this industry meet constantly growing requirements across the entire value chain. Milk production illustrates one example of this.

For cows to produce enough milk, they need the right type of nourishment. Good soil and the optimal application of fertilizer ensure the animals are fed high-quality, contamination-free feed crops.

Soil analyses are the foundation of farmers’ activities. They show if the soil is healthy and what type of minerals and trace elements the crops need. This is where Analytik Jena’s instruments for elemental analysis come into play. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for example can measure a wide range of elements in a short period of time, detecting even minuscule traces of metal.

After milking, the raw milk is filtered and kept in chilled storage tanks. The dairy will test the milk received. Once it’s released, the milk is processed in a completely hygienic environment.  

Food & beverage manufacturers are obliged to eliminate any health risks to consumers. This is why the design, materials, surfaces and welding seams of measurement devices are subject to stringent hygienic requirements. No other manufacturer offers such a wide selection of instrumentation with hygienic design as Endress+Hauser. As many as 37 EHEDG-certified flow, pressure, level, temperature and liquid analysis devices are currently available.

The raw milk is transported from the dairy’s storage tanks to various systems and either turned into powder, skimmed to separate the cream (both products are used separately) or processed directly into drinking milk. The typical pasteurization process – heat-treating the milk – destroys any microorganisms and extends the shelf life of the end product.

Temperature, level, pressure and flow must be monitored, regardless of how the milk is processed. Endress+Hauser boasts a wide range of level measurement devices that allow users to select the measuring principle that best suits the specific process conditions and requirements. For pressure measurement, Endress+Hauser developed the Contite cell, a hermetically sealed measuring cell that prevents condensed humidity – which frequently occurs in food & beverage industry processes – from penetrating the instrument. Temperature is a critical measurement during pasteurization. Endress+Hauser’s iTherm QuickSens supplies the correct value three times faster than comparable sensors to ensure energy efficiency and to keep the milk from unnecessary thermal impact. The flow measurement helps to control flow velocity and heat holding times during the pasteurization process. Apart from flow, electromagnetic devices from Endress+Hauser also monitor the temperature and conductivity parameters. On top of that, the instruments can carry out permanent self-monitoring thanks to Heartbeat Technology.

The milk is fermented in large tanks and processed into cheese using lactic acid bacteria or rennet.

Through pH measurements in the cultivation and fermentation tanks, dairy producers acquire information about the quality of the product and how the process is running. Non-glass pH sensors and digital Memosens technology from Endress+Hauser make it possible to carry out inline measurements. Memosens sensors can be precalibrated in the laboratory and exchanged while the process is running.  

Filling and bottling systems are at the heart of dairy production, where bottles, cups or bags are rapidly filled with milk or dairy beverages.

As a complete offering in instrumentation and in-depth industry expertise, Endress+Hauser not only provides direct support to dairy producers, but also serves as a strong partner for plant builders, OEMs and engineering companies. Endress+Hauser flowmeters also form the basis for automation solutions: preconfigured systems for filling applications. 

Milk powder – a common base ingredient for baby formula – is produced by extracting the water from the milk through an evaporation process. 

Determining milk powder quality, plus the mineral and nutrient content, can be accomplished with the high-resolution continuum source atomic absorption spectrometers from Analytik Jena. These instruments use a single light source with a continuous spectrum and high-resolution optics to quickly analyze all elements within a sample and detect even the tiniest traces.   

If the label says “milk from cows,” that’s what the product must contain. To meet mandatory declaration and health guidelines, food & beverage processors examine the origins of animal-based ingredients.

Genetic information carried by DNA can be used to determine the types of animals used in the manufacture of food and beverages. Analytik Jena offers a complete range of DNA analyses with special instruments and extraction kits for simple, reliable and automatic DNA isolation. The analysis is carried out in real-time using molecular test systems and polymerase chain reactions.

A lot of effort goes into producing a glass of milk, while at the same time making it available to consumers at low prices in the stores. Like all food & beverage companies, dairy producers have the same goals: consistent quality, fewer resources and lower production costs.

Endress+Hauser supports the industry with products, solutions and services. The on-site calibration of flowmeters, without removing the devices, saves manufacturers time and money. This service is globally unique and now also available for density measurement instruments, regardless of the manufacturer. Additionally, Endress+Hauser can help optimize calibration processes to extended calibration cycles and minimize calibration effort. The foundation of energy efficiency is energy monitoring. Apart from the instrumentation used to measure energy volumes and flows, Endress+Hauser also supplies from a single source all components required for the transmission, visualization and analysis of the data. Finally, Endress+Hauser offers measurement technology not only for food and beverage processing, but also for all associated applications. This reduces the variety of instrumentation, which results in less effort for training, maintenance, calibration and spare parts handling.

1 Comment

  1. Poornima

    Nice article. It gives the Milk Production process in simple words.


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